Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD) is also known as TMJ or TMJD. This disorder affects the ligaments, muscles, bones, and other tissues associated with the jaw. It can result in pain in the face or neck, difficulty chewing, or headaches. TMD is estimated to affect 6-10% of the population each year. TMD may develop due to stress, overuse of the jaw muscles, or poor bite alignment. It can often be diagnosed by a physician using an examination or x-ray. If TMD is diagnosed early, it may be possible to reduce symptoms by avoiding aggravating factors such as smoking, regular strenuous activity, and stress. If you have signs of TMJ, you need to see a specialist in TMJ in New York for diagnosis and treatment.
Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Temporomandibular Joint Disorder may develop over time because of genetics or trauma. The disorder can also occur if the temporomandibular joint is diseased, causing problems with the jaw’s ability to open and close properly. This can be caused by arthritis or other diseases that affect this joint. You can do many things to avoid TMJ disorders, such as regular exercise and good oral hygiene. Protecting your jaw from an injury that may cause TMJ is another way to decrease the chances of developing TMD. You can reduce risk factors by avoiding chewing gum, wearing a nightguard to protect your teeth if you grind them at night, not smoking, and avoiding foods that are too hard.
Signs of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Temporomandibular Joint Disorder signs are associated with the jaw’s joints, muscles, and tissues. TMD can result in frequent clicking or popping sounds when you open or close your mouth. You may have difficulty opening or closing your mouth, have difficulty chewing certain foods due to pain, or suffer from frequent headaches. There may be pain or tenderness in your jaw, face, neck, and ears. The ear on the same side as the painful jaw may become very sensitive to loud noises. You may notice a change in your bite after experiencing TMD symptoms.
Treatment of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Temporomandibular Joint Disorder treatment can vary depending on the severity of your symptoms. Your New York TMJ specialist will discuss possible treatments with you after ruling out other conditions or diseases that may be causing your pain or discomfort. You will need to quit any activities that are aggravating your jaw. Your doctor may prescribe muscle relaxants to relieve pain and stiffness associated with TMD. If your jaw is locked, you may need to wear a special appliance that will help it stay open until your New York TMJ specialist sees you. Surgery may be required if other treatments don’t reduce pain or correct locking of the jaw.
In summary, Temporomandibular Joint Disorder, also known as TMJ, is a chronic condition that can cause jaw pain and headaches. This condition affects many people, and fortunately, most cases of TMD can be successfully treated by avoiding aggravating factors such as stress or chewing gum. You may notice popping or clicking in your jaw when you open and close it, which can be a sign of TMD. You should seek diagnosis and treatment from a specialist if you notice these symptoms. If you have signs of TMJ, you need to see a specialist in New York for diagnosis and treatment.