The body breaks down carbohydrates to glucose which your cells absorb. Insulin hormone facilitates the absorption of blood sugar or glucose into your cells. However, health problems like diabetes affect insulin production or alter the functioning of your cells, increasing blood sugar levels. Fortunately, internal medicine in El Centro offers prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diabetes to improve your quality of life. Here is more you need to know about diabetes.
What are the different types of diabetes?
There are different types of diabetes based on their causes. For example, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease meaning that it occurs when your body’s defense system attacks insulin-producing cells in your body. There is no established cause for this problem, and unfortunately, it has no cure also. It mainly occurs in children and teenagers, but adults can also develop this health problem. The goal of treatment is to control blood sugar and manage symptoms.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops for the first time in pregnant women. The disease can cause health problems in your baby or result in complications during delivery. Controlling blood sugar levels may involve dietary changes and exercise. However, sometimes women need medication to manage their glucose levels.
Prediabetes means that your blood sugar levels are higher than usual but not accelerated enough to qualify as type 2 diabetes. Although this puts you at risk for type two diabetes, lifestyle modifications may help reverse the problem.
Type 2 diabetes makes your cells resistant to insulin action, causing accumulation of glucose in your bloodstream. It develops gradually and may not cause any symptoms during its early stages. Older adults are more susceptible to type 2 diabetes but are also linked to obesity. Fortunately, simple lifestyle changes can help you prevent type 2 diabetes in the future. They include:
Lose extra weight
Shedding even a pound goes a long way into lowering your risk of type 2 diabetes. Record your current weight and work towards a healthy body mass index. Weight loss may not be the most effortless journey, but you can lose several pounds with consistency.
Eat healthy foods
Plant foods such as fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals which boost immunity and are essential for your overall well-being. Fiber-rich foods such as whole grains, legumes, and fruits promote weight loss, making you less susceptible to type 2 diabetes. While carbohydrate is good for your body, ensure it is from a healthy source and not food like pasta and bread. Avoid processed foods and beverages with high sugar, such as sodas.
Physical activity benefits you in multiple ways. For example, exercise helps lower blood sugar levels. You can lose extra weight and reduce your risk for type 2 diabetes through regular physical activity. When you exercise, your cells become more sensitive to insulin action, keeping your glucose levels within a normal range.
Working with a fitness trainer to make the most out of your exercise is best. Specialists recommend at least 30 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise at least five times a week. Resistance exercise helps you build strength and endurance.
For more prevention tips for type 2 diabetes, consult with your specialist today at Prabhdeep Singh, M.D., F.A.C.P.